Amblyopia is a developmental neurological condition where visual acuity is impaired. During the time when the eyes and brain are still developing together (usually considered between birth and seven years of age) a clear image needs to be transmitted to the brain from each eye.
If something prevents one or both eyes from providing a clear image, the visual cortex in the brain does not develop completely. The obstruction is usually from a large refractive error or an eye turn, and less commonly from congenital cataracts or other anatomical eye diseases.
Thus even if the eye is properly corrected and there are no problems with the eye itself, there may still be vision impairment.
In most cases vision therapy combined with eye patching can help improve the visual acuity of the affected eye(s). This has proven true even for adults, although the improvement tends to be less and the required therapy more involved.
- Vision Therapy
- Visual Efficiency Exam
- Strabismus Exam
- Infant/Toddler Exam
- Sports Vision
- All About Amblyopia – COVD
- National Eye Institute Amblyopia Guide
- How Stuff Works – Amblyopia